Science 9

The Science 9 program expands upon the knowledge gained in Science 8 through both theoretical and laboratorial exercises.  Topics include:  (1) Life Science (biology) – sexual and asexual reproduction; (2) Physical Science – chemistry and electricity (physics); (3) Earth and Space Science.

Science 10
Prerequisite course: Science 9

Science 10A builds off of the concepts covered in Science 9. This course is intended to further student engagement with key scientific concepts and continue to build critical thinking skills. Topics covered in the first half of this course include lab safety and the scientific method, chemicals and chemical reactions, energy, and astronomy and the Big Bang theory.

The seconf half of this course has a biology and physics twist. Topics covered include DNA and genetics, and energy and radioactivity. As with Science 10A, we will try to look at Science 10B from a First Peoples Perspective too.


Chemistry 11   

Prerequisites: Science 10, Foundations of Math & Pre-Calculus 10

Recommended Level of Entry: 65% minimum in Science 10 and Math 10;

Chemistry 11 starts with lab safety and communicating data effectively at first, then includes the study of properties and classification of matter, atomic structure, organization of the periodic table, chemical bonding and gases. It finally introduces the mole – the central unit of chemistry! Scientific literacy is enhanced and relationships between First Peoples perspectives of Chemistry will continue to be developed.

The second half of this course further develops the study of the mole concept, chemical reactions and stoichiometry, and solutions as well as an optional unit of organic chemistry. We hope to extend students’ knowledge of the real-world applications of senior Chemistry as preparation for careers and Chemistry 12.


Chemistry 12   A→B

Prerequisite: Chemistry 11

Ever wondered how scientists can predict whether or not a reaction will happen and if so how far and how fast? Our focus on rates and mechanisms of reactions, dynamic chemical equilibrium and solubility equilibrium might help you!  Chemistry 12 includes physical and chemical equilibria systems involving energy related changes, oxidation-reduction, and acid-base theories. To complete this course, solid mathematical problem-solving skills are required. As in all senior courses, an extension of the scientific method and parallels between Western and First Peoples Perspectives will be drawn.  The second half of this course will further the study of chemical equilibrium and extend knowledge of real-world applications. What are acids and bases? How does equilibrium apply to acid-base chemistry? What are oxidation-reduction reactions? How are they used in real life situations? The answers are all here!

Earth Science 11   A→B

Prerequisite: Science 10

Earth Science 11 is designed to develop a broad understanding and greater appreciation of the Earth, its origins, processes and resources. Students will gain understanding of geology, oceanography, meteorology, astronomy, plate tectonic theory, and other internal/external processes that form the earth including: geological time, internal processes that form earth, plate tectonic theory, surface processes and the hydrosphere.


Life Sciences 11 (Biology 11)   A→B

Prerequisite: Science 10

Life Sciences 11 is a study of the living world and enables students to develop basic concepts in biology: evolution, microbiology (study of microbes), taxonomy (classification), characteristics of living things, cells, viruses, reproduction, genetics, and the six kingdoms. Throughout the course students will develop skills in the process of scientific inquiry; relate science to technology, society and the environment. In the first half of the course, students will expand their knowledge in these key areas: characteristics of living things, cells, evolution, taxonomy, viruses, and microbiology (study of microbes).  In the second half of the course students will expand their knowledge in these key areas: genetics, Six kingdoms: Monera (Archaebacteria and Eubacteria), Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia. Aboriginal Ways of Knowing in this section include First Peoples’ understandings of animal body plans.

 Anatomy and Physiology 12 (Biology 12)   A→B

Prerequisite: Life Sciences 11

Anatomy and Physiology 12 focuses on human biology. The units covered enable students to develop basic concepts in biology: Homeostasis, DNA and Cells, Organization: the body systems including, digestion, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, urinary (excretory), reproductive, and nervous.

In the first half of the course students will expand their knowledge in these key areas: homeostasis; including biological molecules and cellular compounds, dehydration and synthesis reactions, enzymes and metabolic pathways, feedback loops, cell processes.

In the second half of the course students will expand their knowledge in these key areas: plant and animal cells, and organs, digestive, respiratory, nervous, excretory, reproductive systems of humans, and dissection of a fetal pig, animal heart and kidney.

 Science for Citizens 11 (Science and Tech 11)   A→B

Prerequisite: 50% in Science 10 or teacher recommendation

Scientific and technological literacy is important for making informed choices in life. This course aims to develop this by looking at current issues in Science and Tech. A minimum of seven topic areas will be covered including the core: health, computers, and the future, as well as optional topics such as military, home, food, recreation, pollution, forestry, energy, and space. Decision making, research, reading, discussion and critical thinking skills will be stressed. This course is designed for a wide range of student abilities and provides a non-academic science credit for high school graduation.

Physics 11  A→B

Prerequisites: Science 10, Foundations of Math & Pre-Calculus 10

Recommended Level of Entry: 65% minimum in Science 10 and Math 10;

Physics 11 is an introductory course that focuses on the principles and theories of physics, encourages the investigation of physical relationships, and illustrates the relationship between theory and application.  Topics include: Skills, Methods, and Nature of Physics, 1D kinematics – displacement, velocity, acceleration, and projectiles, 1D dynamics – study of forces and Newton’s laws, 1D momentum, Work and Energy, Electric Circuits, Wave Motion and Geometrical Optics, and Einstein’s Theory of Relativity


Physics 12   A→B

Prerequisites: Physics 11, Foundations of Math 11 or Pre-Calculus 11

Recommended Level of Entry: C+ Physics 11 and Foundations of Math 11 or Pre-Calculus 11

Physics 12 provides opportunities for students to understand and apply the principles and

concepts of Physics to practical situations while building problem solving skills.  Topics include: Vectors, 2D Kinematics-displacement, velocity, acceleration and projectiles in 2D, 2D Dynamics, Equilibrium (force and torque), 2D Momentum and Energy, Circular Motion and Gravitation, Electrostatics – electric force, electric field, electric potential, and Electromagnetism – magnetic forces and induction.